Introduction to Myanmar language

Myanmar (or mostly known Burmese) language has 33 alphabets. Learning burmese alphabets would be the best way to start learning Burmese language. Burmese alphabets need to combine with diacritic to make words.

Sentence composition is also different to English. A basic Burmese sentence starts with Subject followed by Object and a verb at the end. Translating 'I LOVE YOU' to Burmese will be 'NGAR MIN KO CHIT TAL' where NGAR means 'I', 'MIN' means 'YOU' and 'CHIT TAL' means 'LOVE'.

In Burmese, the word 'I' needs to be used differently in different context. Although most common translation for 'I' may be 'NGAR', many people may consider 'NGAR' is a rude expression in many context. So it is recommended to use 'KYA TAW' for male and 'KYA MA' for female.

Composing a Burmese dialog can be different to a sentence. On our website, we use dialogue style sentences mostly as this is most useful for anyone who started to learn to speak Burmese. Same as the word 'I', the word 'YOU' also can say differently. Although 'MIN' is most common expression, general polite expression will be 'KHIN MYAR'. When translating words and sentences on this website, we mostly use 'MIN' and 'NGAR' for 'YOU' and 'I' expression for simplicity and unisex expression. However, learners are recommended to use appropriate 'I' and appropriate 'YOU' depend on gender of the speaker and context.

Alphabets

(click on each alphabet to play the audio)

Burglish

Burglish (or sometimes Myanglish) is a way of writing Burmese using English alphabets. It is probably comparable to Pinyin for Chinese but unlike Pinyin, Burglish is not taught in school and it is also not an office guide for pronouncing Burmese. However, Burglish is widely used in internet messengers and chat rooms where Burmese fonts are limitedly available. On our website, we use Burglish to help learners pronounce Burmese words and sentences.

Audio

A play icon is shown whenever audio file is available for each word or sentence.